Peseach- The Four Questions

Written by: 8th graders Gefen Beldie & Shayna Shapiro

As you all know, Pesach is in a couple of days. We are pretty sure most of you are familiar with the different personalities of the four sons, the questions they ask, and how their parents answer them. When we compare the answers from the Torah and the Haggada, it is clear that they are interpreted differently. Why? The easiest way to answer is to say that the answers were just translated incorrectly, it was a misconception. But no, within this drash there is a reasoning beyond the thought of a mistranslation.

If we examine these four questions, we should be able to see how each related to the personality of each son. However, we do not. Instead, we find that each son is plainly asking a question about a different topic. For example, the wise son asks, “What are the laws that G-d has commanded us?” This is also understood as, “What is the reasoning behind the laws that G-d commanded us and why?” Perhaps each son is asking the question specifically in regards for Pesach. Although we know that is not possible because as we just saw, the wise son asked a question that is not related to Pesach at all but about Judaism and the Torah as a whole.

To further prove that the personalities of each child have no part in what questions they asked, we can see that it’s almost as though the Torah  is expecting or wanting all children to ask all these questions. Does the Torah really want to identify someone as wicked based on the question he asked? Aren't we encouraged to ask questions? Instead of looking at the description of the 'sons', we need to look at the questions themselves. Every question deserves to be answered in a respectful manner, taking into account the personality of the person who asks it.  

One of the mitzvot of the seder night is והגדת לבנך ביום ההוא לאמר - to tell the story of the exodus to your children, each child in his own way to further his understanding and love of all that we do.

Thank you,

Shabbat Shalom and Chag Sameach

Continue reading

The Meaning of Matzah at Pesach

Written by: Zach Mainzer, AJA 9th Grader



In a few short days, the Jewish nation will start celebrating their miraculous escape from the Land of Egypt after 210 years spent in exile. Of course, one of the famous stories that is told on Pesach is of the Matzah our ancestors baked on their way out because the dough didn’t have time to rise. The Hagaddah even tells us:

מצה זו שאנו אוכלים על שום שלא הספיק בצקם של אבותינו להחמיץ

This Matzah that we eat is because the dough of our ancestors didn’t have enough time to leaven. However, the Vilna Gaon points out that this is not the only reason for the Matzah. Earlier in the Haggadah, we establish:

הא לחמא עניא די אכלו אבהתנא בארעא דמצרים.

This is the bread of affliction which our ancestors ate in the Land of Egypt. In contrast to the above statement, which implies that we were already on our way out of Egypt when we made Matzah, this statement seems to say quite clearly that our ancestors ate the Matzah while they were still slaves in Egypt. So how can we reconcile these two statements? One seems to clearly say that Matzah is the bread of freedom; we were baking it as we left the burden of slavery behind us. But we open our Seder every single year with the phrase “This is the bread of affliction,” bread which is supposed to remind us of the hardships of slavery. How can we say both are true?


There is a concept mentioned in Mishnah Pesachim that on Pesach, we start with the distressing times and end with praises of Hashem. The distress is represented by Matzah being the לחמא עניא, the bread of affliction. It was the only food that our ancestors could manage to make while they were laboring in Egypt. But how does the bread of freedom relate to the praises of Hashem with which we end our Seder? We can say that Matzah does represent our freedom, as it commemorates the time when we were no longer slaves. However, it was not pure freedom to do absolutely whatever we wanted. We were free to create our own schedules and could eat and sleep whenever we wanted, but we were not as free as the Egyptians, who were known for their corruption and immorality. It was important for the Jewish nation to realize that while we were no longer slaves in Egypt, we were still ‘עבדי ה, servants to Hashem, and were not free to wander into the ways of Egypt. We are free to choose to be Hashem’s servants; this servitude is the ultimate freedom, which we celebrate on Pesach.


Shabbat Shalom and Chag Sameach,

Zach Mainzer


Continue reading

Vayikra - The Sacrifices

Written by: Rebecca Hatami, AJA 3rd Grader

In this week's parasha, Vayikra, we talk about sacrifices. G-d was asking the Jews to bring sacrifices during different occasions in their lives. When they were happy, when they were sad, when they sinned, etc. Why would the Jews sacrifice in the first place? The shoresh (root) of the word קרבן is קרוב which means 'close'. The Jews would make sacrifices to get closer to G-d. However, after the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash the Jews didn't have a place to bring their sacrifices. Because of this, they started to pray instead of bringing sacrifices. They prayed when they were happy, sad or when they had sinned. Now, we use our prayers to get closer to G-d instead of קרבנות. This shows that we always find our way to practice our beliefs even when there are obstacles in our way. Every morning at school the first thing we do is Tefillah. I am very fortunate to be able to start my day by thanking G-d for life and to be able to have that special connection with my religion and G-d.

Shabbat Shalom.   



Continue reading

Parsha Vayikra


Written by: Dr. Paul Oberman, Upper School Associate Head of School


In this week's parsha, Vayikra, there is a discussion of sin offerings. These offerings cannot make up for intentional sins and are not necessary for sins committed without intent and accidentally. So what type of sin is left? Sins due to carelessness. Ramban notes that these are indeed violations because we have allowed the conditions to be ripe for them to happen by not taking them seriously enough and "building a fence" around the sin.


One challenge in school davening--and indeed in shul davening--is trying to remain completely focused on prayer. Sometimes when people are rebuked for talking one of them will respond "but I wasn't talking...he was talking to me!" This is the type of subtlety the Torah is addressing in terms of sin offerings. Certainly if we make it clear that we are 100% focused on davening, we will not be approached by friends who want to chat with us. Although we may have not spoken ourselves, usually we have created the conditions that allow people to feel comfortable talking to us.


Recently I heard a shul Rabbi rebuking his congregation for talking; he compared the conditions to a theater, where talking would certainly not be tolerated and mentioned how we should not tolerate talking in the service of Hashem. I have heard the distinction made by some that because of the sheer amount of time we spend in shul, we become more lax than in other settings. The implication is that perhaps if we were in the theater for so many hours, conditions would change there to allow for more conversation simply because being in the theater would be eventually taken for granted. (Saturday Night Live's "Deep Thoughts by Jack Handey" humorously makes a similar point: "If trees could scream, would we be so cavalier about cutting them down? We might, if they screamed all the time, for no good reason.") Indeed this is a challenge for most people, keeping davening fresh in spite of the frequent repetition.


May we all be granted additional strength to build a strong fence around these sins of carelessness moving forward.


Shabbat Shalom.




Continue reading

Torah and Mitzvos

written by: Elad Asulin, AJA Program Director


"These are the reckonings of the mishkan, the mishkan of testimony, which were reckoned at Moshe's bidding." (Ex. 38:21)

The mishkan and all its holy vessels were completed. Moshe gave the Jewish people a calculation of how he had used every single ounce of gold, silver and copper which had been contributed. The verse opens, "These are the reckonings..." which implies that this was considered counting, while some other instance of reckoning was not considered a counting. (1) What is this reckoning coming to reject?


The verse is telling us that the only meaningful use of money is for building G-d's sanctuaries or for other heavenly purposes. Only such investments are eternal; others are transitory. (2) When a person dies, his Torah and mitzvos accompany him and provide him merits in the world to come, but the money which he spent all his life working for will be left behind.


Before dying, Baron Rothschild handed his children two letters. He instructed them to open one immediately following his death, and the second a month later. They opened the first letter and discovered the following message: "My last request is that I should be buried wearing my socks." Even though his children were perplexed by such a request, they still tried to honor it. They fought hard, but the Rabbis would not allow it and buried him without his socks. After the month had passed, his children anxiously opened up the second letter to discover another message: "I know that you did not bury me wearing my socks as I had requested, since it is against Halacha, Jewish Law. You are most probably wondering why, then, did I request it in the first place. My answer to you, my dear children, is to teach you an eternal lesson: a person can spend his life amassing a great amount of possessions and money, but no matter how hard he tries, he cannot even take his socks with him to the next world! Only the money which he used for Torah and mitzvos will accompany him."



Shabbat Shalom.

Continue reading

Parshat Vayakhel: Lighting a Fire

written by: Rabbi Daniel Estreicher, AJA Upper School Judaics Teacher


In Parshat Vayakhel, the Torah states, "Do not light a fire in all your dwelling places". Simply speaking, the Torah is teaching us the prohibition of lighting a fire on the Shabbat.


Many rabbis derive a very important ethical lesson from these words. Often there may be stress in getting ready for Shabbat because of the numerous preparations that are needed, and this might lead to someone getting upset if everything is not going as planned.


Furthermore, on the Shabbat day, when the entire family is around the table eating their meal, unfortunately conversations might lead to one person getting upset with what was said or done. The Torah is therefore especially careful to encourage us to be careful not to get angry, which is represented by the word "fire". We need to make an exerted effort to make it a peaceful and meaningful day, where we grow in our service of Hashem.


Let us all take this lesson to heart and the benefits will be great.


Shabbat Shalom, Rabbi E

Continue reading

Parshat Vayakhel-Pekudei

Written by our Upper School Girls in the Chagiga cast:


In this week's parshah, Parshat Vayakhel-Pekudei, we read about the building of the Mishkan. In previous parshiot, Hashem gave the instructions and guidelines to Bnei Yisrael for building it, but it isn’t until now that they are commanded to physically build it. However, the instructions and prerequisites are just as important as the building. In Vayakhel Pasuk Yud it states:


יוְכָל־חֲכַם־לֵ֖ב בָּכֶ֑ם יָבֹ֣אוּ וְיַֽעֲשׂ֔וּ אֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֖ה ה׳


“Every wise-hearted person among you shall come and make everything that Hashem commanded.” Essentially, the Mishkan required the energy, preparation, and work from everyone; without it the final building would be incomplete.


The same, on a smaller scale, applies for Chagiga, too. Just like Hashem gave the instructions for the building of the Mishkan, the Chagiga play could not have taken place without the tireless effort of Rina and Brooke. As Director, Rina wrote the script, choreographed the dances, and created the backbone of the entire play.  


As producer, Brooke took charge in making sure every other aspect was completed. The girls (and a few guys) contributed hours of dedication and effort into building the incredible sets, learning lines, perfecting songs and dances, managing sounds and lights, creating menus, preparing food and putting forth endless hard work. They spent late hours practicing, stressing, and pushing off homework to put together this amazing play for our enjoyment.


So in Chagiga, just like in our parsha, you saw the culmination of everyone's hard work.

Shabbat Shalom.

Continue reading

Parsha Ki-Tisa


written by: Natalie Newman, 6th Grader who becomes a Bat Mitzvah on 3/18

I am very excited to have the opportunity to give a D'var Torah on my favorite parsha, Ki-Tisa.
The Parasha begins with the Mitzvah of Machatzit Hashekel:

זֶ֣ה | יִתְּנ֗וּ כָּל־הָֽעֹבֵר֙ עַל־הַפְּקֻדִ֔ים מַֽחֲצִ֥ית הַשֶּׁ֖קֶל ..הֶֽעָשִׁ֣יר לֹֽא־יַרְבֶּ֗ה וְהַדַּל֙ לֹ֣א יַמְעִ֔יט מִמַּֽחֲצִ֖ית הַשָּׁ֑קֶל  לָתֵת֙ אֶת־תְּרוּמַ֣ת יְהֹוָ֔ה לְכַפֵּ֖ר עַל־נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶֽם וְלָֽקַחְתָּ֞ אֶת־כֶּ֣סֶף הַכִּפֻּרִ֗ים מֵאֵת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְנָֽתַתָּ֣ אֹת֔וֹ עַל־עֲבֹדַ֖ת אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ד וְהָיָה֩ לִבְנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל לְזִכָּרוֹן֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֔ה לְכַפֵּ֖ר עַל־נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶֽם:

"a half shekel shall be the offering of G-d...The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less. The half-shekel should be designated for the service of the Mishkan - Tent of Meeting; that it may be a memorial to the children of Israel before G-d, to make atonement for your souls."  “זה יתנו” (This they shall give)  - Rashi explains that G-d took a coin of fire from under His throne of glory and showed it to Moshe, saying: "Like this one they shall give."

What was so difficult for Moshe to understand about the half shekel? Did Hashem actually need to show it to him? And how does the “coin of fire” resolve this difficulty?

Moshe could not understand: How could a mere coin be "a ransom for his soul to G-d"? G-d answered him by showing him a "coin of fire." The Rebbe of Kotzk explains this to mean the following: when a person performs even a modest act of charity with the fire of passion and enthusiasm, he is indeed giving a piece of his soul.

It’s not just what we do; it’s how we do it.

The Chasidic master Reb Elimelech further explains that money is fire. Like fire, it can destroy, or illuminate, depending on how it is used. 

Why only a half coin and not a complete coin?

The verse states: “The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less.” This teaches us that rich and poor are all equal in G-d’s eyes.

People differ in their smarts, character, talents, and in the quantity of their material resources. Yet all are equal in their bond with G-d. Our commitment to Him resides at the core of our souls. While everyone contributed to the making of the various components of the Mishkan in accordance with their individual capacity, all gave equally of the silver of which its foundation was made.This is the foundation of the relationship between us and Hashem, the "rich man" cannot give more, and the "poor" cannot give less.  

Another reason is To teach us that no person is a complete entity unto him or herself. Only by joining with another can a person become a "whole thing".

This connects with my Hebrew name Chaya which means life! Chasidic teachings indicate that LIFE happens when we make room for others.

Thank You, and Shabbat Shalom.



Continue reading

Parsha Tetzaveh


Written by: Rebecca Felgin (6th grade) who becomes a Bat Mitzvah this Shabbat, 3/11/17


This week's Parasha is Tetzaveh. The word “Tetzaveh” means command. The beginning of the Parasha begins with the following commandment that Hashem gave to Moshe:


וְאַתָּ֞ה תְּצַוֶּ֣ה | אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִקְח֨וּ אֵלֶ֜יךָ שֶׁ֣מֶן זַ֥יִת זָ֛ךְ כָּתִ֖ית לַמָּא֑וֹר לְהַֽעֲלֹ֥ת נֵ֖ר תָּמִֽיד:


Hashem tells Moshe,“Command the children of Israel that they should bring to you PURE OLIVE OIL, to light the menorah.


Hashem is very specific that it needs to be only “pure olive oil”, only the cleanest purest part of the oil can be used.


What can we learn from the fact that Hashem specifically commands only PURE OLIVE OIL to be used?


1)    In order to get the purest olive oil, the olives go through a crushing process. The first few drops of oil are the most pure. Only this oil is used for the Menorah.


The lighting of the menorah symbolizes lighting up the souls of the people around us. Sometimes we may feel like we are “crushed” - tested with hardships and challenges. Just like the olives have to go through a crushing process in order to get oil that is pure and good, when we as people are “crushed”, and go through a challenge or tough time, if we make a choice to have a good attitude and not wallow in self-pity, we not only turn it into a good situation, we also affect the people around us through our positive attitude.


2) Olive oil does not mix with any other liquid. It separates and rises to the top. The Torah symbolizes the light in a world of darkness. It guides us on how to live a spiritual and meaningful life. The pure olive oil that we use for the Menorah teaches us a very important message: We, as Jews, are unique and we should follow the Torah and Jewish religion and should not assimilate with other religions. Like the oil, we should float to the top.


3) Another lesson from the crushing process is that just like the crushing of the olive brings out the best in it, so to the more we push ourselves to follow the Torah and do what Hashem wants, the more we will succeed.


4) In the Mishkan, the tabernacle, we used the finest olive oil to light the menorah, and we used the cheaper oil to prepare meals. Usually for lighting, regular oils are used and for baking & cooking, we use more expensive and pure oils.


Why in the Mishkan was it the opposite?


The menorah symbolizes spirituality. It represents Torah and Mitzvot, like it says: כי נר מצוה ותורה אור Neir Mitzvah VeTorah Or - A candle is a mitzvah and Torah is light. The meal offerings represents the more material and physical needs of a person. The lesson is that we should use more and the best of what we have for spiritual items more than we do on material things.


A personal lesson I can learn from all this is: When I play piano it’s very challenging but I still overcome it by practicing many times and letting my parents watch me play. But when my parents push me and make me practice I get better and better than I would be if I didn’t  practice.


I see that I can make Judaism a part of my life by: Praying to Hashem, celebrating Shabbat and learning the weekly Parasha. By pushing myself as much as I can I can bring out the best just like the oil.  



Shabbat Shalom!


Continue reading

D'var Torah for Purim

written by: Renana Shalom, who becomes a Bat Mitzvah this Shabbat, 3/4/17


The Talmud states  "משנכנס אדר מרבין בשמחה" “as soon as Adar begins, one should increase joy”. But why? What is the sense in commanding joy and happiness? Today, as I turn 12 and become Bat Mitzvah, I would like to invite you on a journey to discover the unleashed power behind the Mitzvah of Simcha (joy) that our sages have commanded us.


Rabbi Nachman of Breslav writes the following:

“The essence of having inner peace and settling one’s mind is acquired with happiness, because with happiness, one can lead the mind per his own will, as happiness is the world of freedom, thus when one ties happiness to his mind, then his mind is in freedom and not in exile. Also, one should embrace oneself in whatever possible to find happiness, and especially try hard to find a good quality about himself to find that happiness…”


In the world we live in, there may be a concept that depth of thought and creativity comes bundled with hardness, sadness and despair. In the world of our sages, Chazal, it is the complete opposite. In order for one to receive Ruach Hakodesh (holy spirit from Hashem), one must be deeply endowed in happiness.


An example for this approach may be demonstrated via the world of dance. When a person is sad, it is well-recognized in the way he dances and carries himself on the dance floor, if he even dances at all. He is confined and distant, and enclosed in faraway world. Whereas, the happy person is open, inviting, connecting with the people around him and interacting with people on the dance floor. The happiness opens a gate for another world, or worlds, and helps us understand, receive, think and step outside of ourselves and be elevated.


The source of happiness is the trust in Hashem. He who puts his complete trust in Hashem can see that whatever he has in life was not just given to him from Hashem, but also tailored exactly to his needs, and fit him best. Thus, one should feel appreciation for the opportunity to learn the Torah and fulfil the Mitzvot given by Hashem, as these will lead him to ultimate happiness and joy.


We learn this incredible life lesson in simply 5 words in Masechet Avot:

"איזה הוא עשיר--השמח בחלקו" “Who is rich – he who is happy with his share”. Only he who truly believes that what Hashem entitled him to in this world is the very best possible for him, can reach the level of true and honest happiness.


On Purim, which we will be celebrating in one week, we are commanded with 4 Mitzvot which were meant to bring us special joy on this magnificent holiday. In each of these Mitzvot, the happiness is expressed in a different way.


The first Mitzvah is reading the Megillah, in which word Simcha (joy) is a very dominant one and shows up 5 times. This notion constructs the path in which the essence of Purim is taken through and built around.


The second Mitzvah is feast. The last Rabbi of Chabad wrote the following: Purim is different from Chanukah as it is “a day of feast and joy”. In Purim one must feast and the happiness is tied to earthly matters (such as food and wine). The reason for this is because that the Greek decree upon the Jews in Chanukah was meant to oppress the Jewish soul and spirit, "להשכיחם תורתך ולהעבירם מחוקי רצונך", whereas Haman’s decree was mainly meant to annihilate the Jewish people, and make the Jews extinct, "להשמיד להרוג ולאבד את כל היהודים מנער ועד זקן טף ונשים" Hence, the joy in Purim is also the joy of the body.


The third Mitzvah is Mishloach Manot. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef writes the following about Mishloach Manot: It is done in order for one to show his love and affection for his friend, and by sending gifts and presents, one expresses this emotion of care and fondness, and instills emotions of love, peace and friendship with his friend. When one treats his friend in such way, he will most certainly receive the same treatment, as this is the human nature, and the purpose of the holy Torah, to spread peace in the world, and by that spread more happiness and joy.


The fourth Mitzvah is Matanot Laevyonim (gifts to those in need).

The Rambam explains that if the choice is offered, it is better to increase efforts in the Mitzvah of gifts to the needy than Mishloach Manot or feast, and to use resources to give more Tzedakah, rather than have a bigger feast or send a better present to peers. The reason is because the ultimate joy comes from giving happiness to those in need. As Hashem himself is taking care of the poor and needy and by making them happy, one is taking upon the ways of Hashem.


The very act of giving and making someone happy, enables one with extraordinary inner joy and allows for a true elevation of spirit and soul.

In this day, I accept the not the burden but the gift of Mitzvot. I pray to Hashem that as the Mitzvot of Purim are set to bring us happiness and joy in this beautiful Chag, so will fulfilling the rest of the Mitzvot bring me happiness and joy in every step of my way as part of the Jewish nation.


Shabbat Shalom.





Continue reading

Parsha Mishpatim

written by Elliot Sokol, 7th grader, who becomes a Bar Mitzvah on 2/25


In this week’s parasha, Mishpatim, we read about many laws that help us go through with our daily life. Last week’s torah portion was Yitro, a very dramatic and exciting parsha that talks about the time where Moshe went up Mount Sinai and got the Torah. There are many big moments in parashat Yitro, like when Hashem spoke to the Jews at Har Sinai, or when the Jews cried out to Moshe after they saw the light show and got terrified. This week's parasha, Mishpatim, is very different compared to parashat Yitro. Instead of a lightening and thunder show, or Hashem speaking to the Jewish people, we are given 53 laws that we must follow. 53 laws about living our life by a code, protecting other people’s property, and respecting a convert or a foreigner.


In the parasha, we hear many laws that help us go through with our day to day life. Why does Hashem talk about the detailed laws? Why doesn’t he talk about the big important laws? I think that the reason for this, is because Hashem knows that most of us aren’t going to experience a very big miracle like the Jews did at Mount Sinai. For most of our lives, we just wake up, go to school or work, come back home, do our chores, eat, and then go to sleep. Even though these things are ordinary, we can perform them in a way that makes them holy. 


Another way that we can be holy towards Hashem is when we protect the property of others. In the parasha, we are told that we need to protect other people's property more than we protect our own. Why do we have to protect someone else's property more than ours? I think that we need to do this because it creates trust between the two people and maybe even throughout the whole community. 


Another big idea in the parasha that we hear about, is respecting a convert or a foreigner. This law or idea is that you should treat everyone equally. In other words, treat people the way you want to be treated. In my parasha, it also says that we need to treat strangers equally because we were once strangers in Egypt. The Jewish people know how it feels to be strangers. 


For example, if there is somebody new at your work or school, you should treat them like they are your friend and not like a stranger. I think that this means we need to be nice to them or at least try our hardest to be kind. The reason that it is not okay to treat these people harshly is because they are new and you should give them a chance. Imagine if you were a new kid and everyone was mean to you, wouldn’t you feel horrible? You would say to yourself, "why didn’t they give me a chance?". The thing is that the new person might be really awesome or nice and you might end up being really good friends with them. 4 ½ years ago, I was the new kid. When I came into class, I was very nervous and I was hoping that somebody would befriend me. If it weren’t for my friends, I would probably be a very different person.


My mitzvah project, making care packages for the homeless, relates to this last law that we just talked about. It is similar because the point of the project is to look at homeless people as people who deserve dignity. Some people look at homeless people and think that they are dangerous or scary. But all they want is some help so they can survive or have a better life. With these packages, we gave them clothes, food, toiletries, and kindness. The packages we gave out might make the homeless person’s day. Even though the packages were full of everyday things, they probably meant a lot to a person in need. And, it’s also a great example of how we can make even something that seems small and ordinary, into a holy deed for Hashem.  






Continue reading

Parshat Yitro

February 17, 2017
21 Shvat 5777


Written by: Josh Weissmann – AJA ‘14

Our true release from the bonds of Egypt encapsulated 10 plagues, the miracles at the Splitting of the Sea, wondrous gifts from God in the desert, and concluded with the receiving of the Torah at Sinai in this week’s parsha – Yitro. Of course, the forming of a sovereign nation takes time, for only time can engender ideological and cultural changes in a stubborn-necked people. 

The goal of leaving Egypt, however clear we may feel it to be, is ambiguous in the Torah. Frequently God references the purpose of His plagues: “and you will know that I am God” (10:2), “in order that you shall know that the Land is Mine” (9:29), and so on. These explanations tend to overwhelmingly suggests that the impetus for leaving Egypt was to demonstrate God’s mastery to the world. Namely, the unshackling of the Jews was only the mechanism by which God demonstrated this eminence; the Jews were taken out from Egypt not for their sovereignty but for another purpose altogether. Through this lens of the Exodus Drama, the Jews become the puppets designed to reveal the Wizard of Oz behind the curtain.

This series of divine explanations suggests that the true culmination of the Exodus was not, as we often consider, Revelation at Sinai, but rather a distinct event which occurs at the beginning of Yitro. After Moses explains to his father in law Yitro the story of the Exodus, Yitro blesses God and voluntarily offers a sacrifice. That is, that which the non-Jewish world – epitomized by Yitro – heard about, was in awe over, and voluntarily offered sacrifices to, was due to God’s “actions” during his exposure in Egypt. The goal was accomplished, the story finishes here.

Yet the story, indeed, continues. There is a fascinating parallel here to Abraham during the Binding of Isaac, which sheds light onto the nature of the Exodus itself. In this week’s parsha, Yitro proclaims: “Now I know that God is greater than all other gods” (17:11). As God prevents Abraham from taking the life of his only son, He says: “Now I know that you are God fearing” (Breishit 22:12). The phrase “Now I know” appears minimally throughout Jewish liturgy, and only twice in the Torah. It is used almost exclusively regarding man’s understanding of a metaphysical Truth, or in Avraham’s case, God’s understanding of man’s devotion to Him. The 10 tests of Abraham crescendo until the most challenging of all, the sacrifice of Isaac, finally formalized and thus demonstrated Abraham’s unnerving dedication to God. Parallel but distinct, the saving of Israel from Egypt proved to man, not to God, His dominion. ‘Knowledge’ is something that is shared between these two instances: God needs to ‘know’ about man’s interest in the relationship as much as man needs to ‘know’ about God’s.

This parallel neatly relates the Exodus itself to Abraham’s merit. After all, God promised that his children would be strangers in a foreign land only to be saved carrying great wealth. The most concise way to say this is that nationalizing Abraham’s decedents necessitated their eviction from and their passing through the cauldron of Egypt (given some thought, the feeling of eviction and that of passing through the cauldron both occur and contribute differently to the formation of the Jewish national identity). This is precisely the opposite impetus that we had noted before. Whereas previously the purpose of the Exodus was to demonstrate God’s eminence, here it seems that the purpose is to make the Jews into a sovereign people. That is, the purpose of this process seems to be the formation of a Jewish nation, and the plagues, the splitting of the sea, and the miracles in the desert were only a mechanism for achieving that goal. 

How can we reconcile this difference? Why would God repeatedly say “in order that you shall know I am God”? 

We can suggest a third possibility, one with which we are all familiar. Jews are not missionaries in the classical sense – we do not proselytize, nor do we actively convert. We are messengers; we are People of the Book; we are middlemen between that which is divine and that which is not. Others might infer the Jews to be the ‘chariot’ upon which God’s dominion rests. The formation of such a nation, it seems, not only paralleled but necessitated God’s revelation to the non-Jewish world. In Abraham’s merit, the Jews formed a nation, but by God’s will they represented something far more fundamental. Our Exodus from Egypt was the mechanism for God to touch mankind – for mankind to “know” Him – in the same way that our lasting nationhood is meant to continue that relationship, that eminent reach to God, not just for ourselves but for all mankind; not just in the desert but forever on Earth. 


Josh Weissmann - class of 2014, spent a year at Yeshivat Har Etzion, sophomore at Princeton and majoring in Operations Research and Financial Engineering. 



Continue reading

Parsha Yitro

written by: Leah Bader 11th grade, (AJA Class of '18)


This week’s parsha is a big one. Yitro comes to visit Moshe and helps set up the court system and Bnei Yisrael camp at Har Sinai where they receive the Torah.  Bnei Yisrael undergo a very prominent transition in this parsha, where they go from being a nation to Hashem’s chosen nation.  While this transition is very important, there is also another more subtle transition that we should focus on: the transition of Bnei Yisrael from a group of individuals into one nation.  Rashi identifies this transition for us, noticing that the phrase “וַיִּֽחַן־שָׁ֥ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל נֶ֥גֶד הָהָֽר” “And Israel camped there opposite the mountain” contains the singular verb for camping instead of the plural verb that it should contain when talking about Bnei Yisrael as a group. Rashi explains this by saying that at that moment it was as if Bnei Yisrael were “כאיש אחד בלב אחד” “As one man with one heart”, united in anticipation of their receiving of the Torah, and that is why the singular verb was used.  This shows us how important it is to have a unified community, that it was crucial for Bnei Yisrael to come together like this in preparation for their receiving the Torah.  

We also see the importance of a unified community in Pirkei Avot ב:ד, where it says אל” תפרוש מן הציבור” “Do not separate yourself from the community”.  The Bartenura explains that this is because when a community is going through a difficult time, it offers comfort through shared hardship, because individuals can help lessen the pain for each other. We saw an example of this a couple weeks ago in Parshat Shmot, when Moshe went out of Pharoah’s house, “אֶל־אֶחָ֔יו וַיַּ֖רְא בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם” - to his people to see their labors and share their hardship. When he witnessed an Egyptian beating his fellow Jew, Moshe took action, killing the Egyptian and saving the Jew from the pain he was experiencing. Moshe’s determination to witness the hardship his people were experiencing drove him to stand up against the oppression of the Jews and lead them out of Egypt. Without Moshe’s desire to take part in his community, Bnei Yisrael would never have been able to reach Har Sinai and receive the Torah.

The value of community is proven vastly important in both this parsha and Shmot.  Coming together as a unified community can even have the power to elevate us, as we see in this week’s Torah reading when Bnei Yisrael camp as one around Har Sinai in preparation to receive the Torah. This is why I am so incredibly excited that the AJA community can all come together this Friday and wear pink in support of breast cancer awareness.  Pink Day at AJA is planned in coordination with Sharsheret, an organization that provides a community of support for Jewish women diagnosed with breast and ovarian cancer.  Sharsheret provides services for those affected by cancer from individual personal support from other women who have been diagnosed to support for the entire family. The services that they offer for diagnosed women comes from all different parts of the community, all uniting to provide the strongest support possible.  Sharsheret provides yet another example of how coming together as a community makes us stronger.  Hopefully this Friday, we will all be able to become “כאיש אחד בלב אחד”  in our matching pink clothes and observance of Pink Day at our school!


Shabbat Shalom!


Continue reading

Songs, Commandments, and Law

written by: Rabbi Michael J. Broyde, GHA Alum


This week’s parsha has the most famous song in the Torah, next week’s has the most famous collection of commandments and the week after that begins our long and loving interaction with law.


Each teaches us an idea and I suspect that each of these ideas are cumulative in some important ways, even. The song that the Jewish people sang reflects the idea that religious experience is deeply enmeshed in the emotionally redemptive power of God and religion. Faith inspires and in this case, quite literally, saved the Jewish people.  Commandments add to that and remind us that joy and faith alone cannot carry the ball for an extensive enough period of time to build a meaningful life – being observant of the big picture ideals and ideas of our faith is the next step after salvation.  Law (literally: mishpatim, the name of the final parsha in this trilogy) begins the Torah’s deep interaction with law generally, and it is the focus point of the important idea that neither joy nor righteousness and virtue are enough and law needs moral details to be important.  Neither the songs nor the ideals are a substitute for just laws.


Indeed, over the next few weeks we see this clearly – after the exodus from Egypt and the salvation by the sea, the Jews settle down to build a real religious life and Jews start coming to Moshe to resolve their disputes in order to build a just society.


In next week’s parsha, Yitro recommended that Moshe set up systems of judges and courts so that Moshe only needed to oversee the most complex of cases. (This system of religious judges and courts has remained intact, albeit in varying forms, throughout Jewish history continuing to today.)


In truth, Yitro’s advice is much more profound than one might think.  Yitro says to Moshe that for the Jewish people to survive, law must be systematized with principles and applications that can be taught to people in a code-like way, so that lower court judges can apply the law systemically.  Once that system is created by God, both in terms of rules of law, and in terms of principles of interpretation, then lower court judges could be selected by Moshe and taught the rules to be applied.


Shortly after Yitro makes this initial suggestion to Moshe, the first important set of laws is given – the Ten Commandments, and they are given in the parsha named after Yitro because his suggestion is directly responsible for the Ten Commandments being given. Mishpatim – the next set of laws, richer in detail and broader in scope – soon follow, because Yitro’s suggestion to Moshe requires that judges be given as much code to examine and follow as possible.


All of life starts with a song – but a song is just the starting point.  From the song comes commandments and from the commandments comes law. 

Rabbi Broyde went to the Greenfield Hebrew Academy for 4th, 5th and 6th grade where he has only wonderful memories of Rabbis Meltzer & Shloush and Dr. Shloush teaching him chumash.  He particularly remembers memorizing the shira for Dr. Shloush.



Continue reading

Dvar Torah - Parashat Beshalach

written by: AJA 8th Graders, Matthew Kaplan and Daniel Mordoch

This week's parsha, is parshat Beshalach. In Beshalach, after Bnei Yisrael leave Egypt, they find themselves trapped between Pharaoh’s armies and the sea. Having nowhere to go, Moshe splits the sea for Bnei Yisrael and they escape, as the ocean closes in on Pharaoh’s men. After Moshe and Bnei Yisrael cross the sea, they sing a song of thanks to Hashem for saving them. Then the parsha continues with the complaints and worries of Bnei Yisrael for water and food. Hashem provides the manna each day, except for on Shabbat, when the people collected a double portion on Friday. The people complain twice more, the last time ending with Moshe being commanded to hit the rock which then provides water for the people.


After יציאת מצרים (the exodus),  קריעת ים סוף (the splitting of the sea) and all the great miracles that occurred we wouldn't expect the Bnei Yisrael to complain. Yet they do. After the third complaint, when they complained for water, Hashem tells Moshe:

וּמַטְּךָ, אֲשֶׁר הִכִּיתָ בּוֹ אֶת-הַיְאֹר--קַח בְּיָדְךָ, - take in your hand the staff with which you hit the Nile. וְהִכִּיתָ בַצּוּר וְיָצְאוּ מִמֶּנּוּ מַיִם - and you’ll hit the rock, and water will come out.

The language used was very similar to when Hashem commanded Moshe to take his staff and hit the Nile before the plague of blood. Bnai Yisrael knew that the plagues came from Hashem - even though they were performed through Moshe. Here, Hashem commanded Moshe to take that very same staff and to replicate that. Hitting the rock in the same way as he hit the Nile is a way of saying: “The G-d that did all those miracles in Egypt? That’s the same G-d providing for you right now!” And it’s even more than that: This staff which was an agent of destruction, isn't just the weapon. It’s a tool of a G-d who loves you and wants to provide for you.


The Bnei Yisrael discover what they couldn’t see when they were suffering in Egypt. Hashem’s agenda isn’t about destruction… it’s about recognizing Him as the Creator. He loves us and cares about us. Hashem demonstrates that to Bnei Yisrael over and over again, with miracle after miracle. The first and most important thing they need to know as a nation is: hashem wants to have a relationship. -

He took them out of Mitzrayim, saved them from Pharaoh, and he gave them manna. This teaches us not to lose faith in Hashem; He is not going to just forget about us and He will always be there. We need to look for Him in our daily lives, which are miracles in their own right. It teaches us that in a situation where hope is no longer a factor, the one thing we know we can always count on is Hashem. Even if the way you think He should be helping you isn't what actually happens, one thing we can be sure of is He has our backs wherever we go!

Shabbat Shalom!

Thank you and have a good week.


Continue reading

Dvar Torah: Parashat Bo

February 2, 2017
6 Sh'vat 5777

written by AJA 4th grader: Oliver Mason

This week’s paarsha is Bo. Last week the Egyptians faced the first seven plagues: blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, death of the animals, blisters, and hail. This week, the Egyptians face the last three plagues: grasshoppers, darkness, and the death of the first born. During each plague, Pharaoh told Moshe that if the plague stopped he would let the Jews go.

So Moshe prayed to Hashem to stop the plague, and Hashem listened. But when each plague stopped, Pharaoh’s heart hardened, and he did not let the Jews go. And so, Moshe brought the next plague. Finally, during the last plague, death of the first born, Pharaoh let the Jews go. Pharaoh made the Jews leave so fast that he did not even give them enough time to bake bread. Why did Pharaoh make the Jews leave Egypt so fast? Pharaoh made the Jews leave so fast because he was a first born, and he did not want to die.

A very important thing that happens in this week’s parsha is that the Jews are commanded to eat the Korban Pesach. If there were not enough people to finish it by the next morning, they should invite other people such as friends and neighbors to finish it. This week our school is having its first whole school Shabbaton, a chance for us to get together as a community just like the Jews in Egypt did when they ate the Korban Pesach for the first time. The Shabbat before Pesach is known as Shabbat Hagadol, when we, as Jews, remember the preparation of the Korban Pesach. Similarly, this is our “Big Shabbat” weekend together as an AJA community, a milestone shabbat that we will all remember.

Shabbat Shalom! Oliver Mason

Continue reading

A Lesson Learned from Va’eira

written by Tali Feldman (GHA '06)

In this week’s Parsha, Va’eira, we begin to witness the beginning of the end of the Israelites’ slavery in Egypt and, most famously, the introduction of the ten plagues. The story of Moshe, Pharaoh, and the Ten Plagues is one of the most recognizable storylines in all of Judaism, mostly because we read it every year around the Seder table. As the simplified version goes, G-d appears to Moshe and tells him that he is going to lead his people out of slavery in Egypt and into the Promised Land; but this comes at a large cost. Moshe, knowing Pharaoh is not going to listen to his pleas, asks G-d how this will actually happen. G-d responds by inflicting the ten plagues upon Pharaoh and the Egyptians, with Pharaoh only growing more and more stubborn with each passing plague. Eventually, Pharaoh is forced to give in, and we all know how this chapter of slavery happily ends.

We are typically taught that G-d used the ten plagues as a way to prove his power and might to the Egyptians. Essentially, G-d wanted to show Pharaoh who, exactly, he is messing with by keeping Moshe’s people enslaved for so many years. The Israelites, having been enslaved for hundreds of years, were also yearning for a sign from G-d that the end was near; but first, they had to endure Pharaoh’s stubbornness and ‘hardened heart’ after each passing plague.

These plagues came after hundreds of years of slavery in Egypt. The Israelites were exasperated and had all but accepted their fate. Just as the Egyptians saw the ten plagues as proof of G-d’s might, the Israelites also saw the plagues as a reminder that their higher power exists. This reminder provided the last sliver of motivation and guidance the People of Israel needed in order to push through.

In today’s world, it is almost too easy to get caught up in the world of politics, social media, and technology in general. In a time where the news is instant and it feels as though the world of politics and social media control our lives, we sometimes have to remind ourselves that there is something deeper and more powerful within us. Each person forms their own foundation to which they stay grounded, and this can always be there to serve as a reminder that there is something bigger, stronger, and deeper guiding us: our own morals.

For me, I try to ground myself by looking towards my own foundation of morals, which stem from my personal version of “my Judaism”. My strong foundation in Judaism largely comes from my experiences at GHA and growing up in Atlanta’s nurturing Jewish community. While I learned the importance of religion and the rules that govern it, I also learned valuable lessons in family, community, respect, and friendship. As I navigate through these next stages of my life, I always look back on my time at GHA as the period of time that formed the solid foundation for my life.


Tali graduated from GHA in 2006, and the University of Maryland in 2014. She will graduate from the University of Georgia in May 2017 with a Master's degree in Speech-Language Pathology. 



Continue reading

D'var Torah: Make Time

January 26, 2017

28 Tevet 5777


This D’var Torah was co-written and presented to parents and grandparents by our 5th Graders, Leora Frank and Mollie Glazer, at the Mishnah Day of Learning


The Tanna Rav Tarfon is quoted in Pirkei Avot teaches “Hayom Katzer Vehamelacha Merubah”- The day is short and the work is great!”. Time is something so precious and yet something constantly taken advantage of. Hours can just disappear. Days can disappear. And unfortunately, even years can disappear.


Jews take time very seriously. Our Torah begins with the words Beresheet Barah - “In the beginning,” while the Mishnah starts with the question, “From what time may one recite the evening Shema?”


The idea of making time קדוש, holy is one of the foundations of Jewish faith and practice. It shouldn’t come as a surprise, then, that the first Mitzvah given to the Jews as a nation was to create a calendar based on the cycle of the moon.


In next week's Parsha, Parshat Bo it is written  "And Hashem said to Moshe in the land of Mitzrayim החודש הזה לכם ראש חדשים, This month is for you, the head of the months.


This Shabbat will mark Rosh Chodesh Shevat ... a reminder of the Mitzvah!!


We have learned to make time part of our lives. At school, at home, at shul, when we go to sleep, when we eat, and when we wake up. Time is everything. Without time we would be out of order, unable to relax at any point in time. Time tells us when to do certain things. Time tells us when the חגים are and when they end. Time tells us when we have to leave for work, when we have to go out for recess, when to eat meals, and when Shabbat starts and ends.


Sometimes we wish we had more time to do things. Have you ever heard the saying, "Time flies by when you are having fun?” you probably have. When you don't pay attention, time goes by really fast. When you are waiting for a certain time, people say it takes forever to get there. 


Nowadays, we have clocks and watches. What do you think early people did to keep track of time? For example the Jews in the Torah. How did they know when a holiday started? 


This Shabbat we would like you to think about these questions and talk with your family about them.


The Torah teaches us how to cherish time, and make the best possible use of it, we being a “co-creator” with Hashem we are able to “make” time for what is important.


Continue reading

Parashat Shemot

written by: Asher Lytton and Zelik Silverberg - Grade 5


In this week's Parashat Shemot, the first words are ”ואלה שמות בני ישראל הבאים מצרימה” - “these are the names of the sons of Jacob who are coming to Egypt”.


Rashi has a question about this. The Torah already says this at the end of last week’s parsha. Rashi says that Hashem lists the names of the brothers after their deaths to show his love for them. Rashi compares them to the stars which Hashem takes out and puts away by number and by name.

We are taught that counting the Bnai Yisrael is not permitted. As it says in Parashat Ki Tissa - you have to be careful how you count or a plague will strike. That is why in the Torah the Bnai Yisrael were counted with a half shekel. Rabbi Baruch Yerachmiel Yehoshua Rabinowitz said it is not that we shouldn’t be counted it is that we should not forget our name and our individuality. If we forget our name we may just disappear and become one of many. That is why Hashem lists everybody's name at the beginning of the parasha. While thinking about the Jewish people as one nation we should not forget we are a nation of individuals, each with his own name, each one loved by Hashem.

Shabbat Shalom.


Continue reading

Parshat Shemot - What's In a Name?


January 19, 2017
21 Tevet 5777

Written by: Rabbi
Joseph Shaw (GHA ’84) (AJA Lower School)


The name of this week's Parshah is, well, "Names" -- "Shemot," which is also the name of the entire second book of the Chumash. The source for this name of the book appears in early sources (such as the Midrash, Bereishit Rabbah 3).


The English (or rather Latin) name of the Book, "Exodus," seems to make a lot more sense that the Hebrew name, "Shemot," or "Names." What does "Names" have to do with the contents of this book, which describes the events of the Exodus, the sojourn of the Jewish people in the wilderness, the receiving of the Torah, the building of the Tabernacle, etc.


The name "Shemot" seems to be a reasonable title for the Parshah itself. After all, the Parshah begins with a list of thirteen names of the members of Yaakov's family: "And these are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt..." (1:1). The emphasis on people's names continues as the Parshah relates, "The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, the name of one of whom was Shifra, and the name of the second was Pu'ah" (1:15). (A topic for further discussion, however, is the Torah's abrupt cessation from this emphasis on names in chapter two, when it does not relate the names of the parents of Moshe (2:1-2), the name of his sister (2:4), the name of Pharaoh's daughter (2:5), and the name of Moshe himself (2:2-10), who is referred to merely as "the boy" until he gets a name (2:10).)


Still, though, in what way does the name "Names" represent the essence of the Parshah or the essence of the Book of Exodus?


The Book of Exodus is the story of the development, or perhaps more specifically -- the birth, of the Jewish people. Until now, the Torah spoke of individuals -- Adam and Chavah, Noach and the individual members of his family, Avraham and Sarah, Yitzchak and Rivkah, and so on. Now that the Torah introduces us to the people, it is easy to forget that each member that makes up that people is important and significant in his or her own right. One may have a tendency to think: What does it matter what I do, when there are millions of others? I'm just one person in a huge group; I'm insubstantial, my significance is infinitesimally meager. I'm dispensable.


What is a name? A name is a way to designate an item (or person) as distinct from another. A name ("Shem") enables us to identify and locate ("Sham") an individual. It designates me as separate and apart from you. It gives me significance as a unique individual, apart from, and a part of, the group of which I am a member. It tells me that I am important, it tells you that you are important, and it tells me that you are important. It helps strike the balance between recognizing my individual strengths and my uniqueness, and recognizing that those strengths must be contributed to the group for the greater good of all of us.


This perspective has wide-reaching implications, from the way I view my own role in the world, to the way I raise my family, to the orientation of the school to which I entrust the education of my children. This is part of what the name "Shemot" teaches us and why it is the name of this Parshah and this Chumash.


Rabbi Joseph Shaw graduated from the Greenfield Hebrew Academy (AJA Lower School) in 1984. He, his wife, and their eleven children live in Israel, where he teaches at Machon Yaakov and works as an educational consultant for individuals and organizations.



Continue reading